Sibiu, a documented citadel from 1191 as an important economic and cultural political center of Transylvania, has had since ancient times a medical activity related with its regional development and importance.
The fortress` documents register the beginning of the medical life in Sibiu, mentioning in 1292 the existence of “Domus hospitalis”, hospital and asylum of the Order of the Holy Spirit, the first hospital in Transylvania.
The first pharmacy on the current territory of Romania, called “La Vultur”, was also opened in Sibiu in 1494.
At that time, Sibiu had an official physician of the fortress, “Physicus”, first mentioned in the fifteenth century, as well as several barber surgeons.
Since the important military garrison was functioning in Sibiu, the first “Military Hospital of the garrison” was opened in 1742.
In 1777 was being set up the position of principal Oculist of Transylvania, occupied by the oculist master Ioan Piuariu Molnar, the first Romanian physician certified abroad (Vienna 1774).
At the end of the eighteenth century, Samuel Hahnemann (1773-1842), founder of homeopathic medicine, acts as a curator of Baron von Brukenthal, in Sibiu.
In 1783, began functioning the Midwives School, which had courses also in German and Romanian.
The first Romanian medical book is printed in Sibiu in 1821, written by Doctor Vasile Popp, covering subjects of balneology.
In 1857, “Franz Joseph Hermannstadt Krankenhaus” Public Hospital is inaugurated and is funded by Emperor Franz Joseph.
In 1859, the garrison Hospital of Sibiu moved to a new, modern, 400-bedded place, becoming the largest Transylvanian garrison hospital.
The first place for the treatment of psychiatric patients in Southeastern Europe, with 200 beds, was seated in Sibiu in 1863 under the name of “The Alienation’s Hospice”.
In 1896, one year after the discovery of X-rays, Professor Carol Albrich jr. was making radiographs in the Public Hospital and the Military Hospital for the diagnosis of lung diseases.
At Mental Hospital, the neurologist Kalman Pandy, who worked here between 1900-1919, discovered the method of precipitating the globulins in the cerebrospinal fluid (Pandy reaction).
“Sibiul Medical” Magazine appeared in 1934 at the Doctor Gheorghe Preda’s initiative.
Between 1940-1945, during the Vienna Dictate, University Clinics of the Faculty of Medicine in Cluj refuge in Sibiu.
Here, will activate famous professors, true professionals and ministers of the Hippocratic oath: V.Papilian, I.Hatieganu, I.Goia, L.Daniello and Emil Teposu.